Coastal aquaculture development in Eastern Africa and the western indian ocean:prospects and problems for food security and local economies
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This paper reviews the experience and status of coastal aquaculture of seaweeds, mollusks, fish and crustaceansin eastern Africa and the islands of the western Indian Ocean. In many respects, coastal aquaculture is still in itsinfancy in the region, and there is a pressing need toformulate development strategies aimed at improving theincome and assuring the availability of affordable protein tocoastal communities. This paper also draws from positive and negative experiences in other parts of the world. Therequirements of feed and fry, and the conversion ofmangroves are used to illustrate how some aquacultureactivities constitute a net loss to global seafood production.The paper presents both general and specific sustainability guidelines based on the acknowledgement of aquaculture as an ecological process. It is concluded that without clear recognition of its dependence on natural ecosystems, theaquaculture industry is unlikely to develop to its full potential in the region.....
Spatial CoverageWestern Indian Ocean
CitationAmbio, 31(7-8). p. 537-542
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