Coastal resources and management systems influenced by conflict and migration: Mecúfi, Mozambique
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Coastal resource utilization and management systems, bothtraditional and more recently conceived, were studied in Mecufidistrict, northern Mozambique in a post-conflict situation prior towhich a significant migration of people to the coast had occurred.A wide variety of coastal biotopes containing a multitude ofresources had been affected in various ways. Intertidalorganisms exhibited signs of decreasing abundance and averagesize, whereas offshore fishes and mangrove forests did not showsigns of overutilization. It was observed that traditional coastalmanagement systems were still influential, but that newerinitiatives were only beginning to enter into significant dialogueand cooperation with these. In the current circumstances ofpeace and political stability, the principal threat to coastalmanagement and the interests of local people in Mecufi isconsidered to be potential loss of common property resourcesand land tenure in the face of prospects of privatization, butMozambican authorities are presently addressing these issueswith legal reforms.
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