Environments of the Black-chinned Tilapia, Sarotherodon Melanotheron, and Their Potential Effects on the Genetic Structure of Stocks in Ghana
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Ghana is one of the countries bordering theAtlantic Ocean on the coast of Africa. The country is located between latitudes 5" N and11" N and longitudes 1" E and 3" W Thecoastline of Ghana, approximately 550 kmlong, is dotted with about 50 lagoons andestuaries that, together with rocky capes and avariety of sandy bays, constitute its coastalwetlands (Armah 1993). These lagoons,estuaries and associated floodplains providehabitats for a variety of wildlife including birdsand fishes (Ntiamoa-Baidu 1991). With an estimated 40 000 ha surface area, the lagoonsare important fish and fisheries resources forassociated communities. The fish speciescomposition of these lagoons varies slightly,but a constant and predominant species is theblack-chinned tilapia, Sarotherodonmelanotheron (Ruppel, 1852).