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|Title: ||Targeted food assistance for relief and recovery|
|ASFA Terms: ||Food aid|
|Issue Date: ||13-May-1999|
|Abstract: ||Since December 1989, Liberia and Sierra Leone have been affected by
destructive wars and civil strife pushing some 1,100,000 persons to seek refuge
in Guinea, Côte d’Ivoire and Ghana. Approximately one million have been
internally displaced in both countries. The conflicts have claimed the lives of
more than 150,000 people in Liberia and an unknown number in Sierra Leone.
Houses, roads, and social and economic infrastructure have been destroyed and
most people have been deprived of their livelihoods. Although Liberia and Sierra
Leone have suffered the most from the internal conflicts, Guinea, Côte d’Ivoire
and Ghana have been affected since they have had to provide shelter in towns and
camps to the refugee population, which has strained local resources. WFP has
been providing assistance to the neediest refugee and internally displaced
populations in the region under a series of emergency (EMOP) and protracted
relief operations (PRO) since 1990. Some 1,960,000 beneficiaries are being
assisted under ongoing operations (PRO LIR 4604.06, PRO SIL 5802.00, EMOP
GUI 6032.00). An 8 percent increase in the total number of beneficiaries is
proposed under this protracted relief and recovery operation (PRRO).
Currently, the security situation ranges from a fair degree of stability and
relative calm over a sustained period in Liberia, to a relapse into fully-fledged
emergency in Sierra Leone. The proposed PRRO seeks to promote opportunities
for assisting Liberia and Sierra Leone in their transition from emergency to
recovery, rebuilding civil society and ensuring longer-term development. Such
opportunities exist in Liberia and in the other countries in the region and in some
areas of Sierra Leone. The PRRO also provides for emergency relief in the
conflict areas, where the resumption of normal life is not likely in the short term.
Relief food aid therefore remains necessary for sustaining the nutritional
recovery and resettlement of new refugees and internally displaced persons, as
well as for some beneficiary groups whose coping mechanisms have not yet been
Food aid will be an important instrument in supporting rehabilitation and
recovery activities through food for work and food for training to rebuild
infrastructure and improve agricultural production and household food security.
Women, who account for an average of 60 to 70 percent of the overall
beneficiary number, will be targeted specifically in household food security and
training-related activities. Food aid is also expected to make an important
contribution to the stabilization of Liberia and Sierra Leone as it lays the ground
for longer-term development. Long-term impact will be achieved through an
emphasis on the active participation of beneficiaries in decision-making and
implementation processes; capacity-building will be an important feature.
A regional approach has been chosen for the implementation of this PRRO.
Maintaining this regional approach during current operations has been the most
powerful factor for WFP’s effectiveness in the region. It has provided the essential
flexibility for cross-border operations, resourcing and pipeline management, as
well as swift reallocation of commodities between countries in response to
constantly changing situations.|
|Description: ||World Food Program:Executive BoardSecond Regular SessionRome, 13 - 14 May 1999Projects for executive board approvalAgenda item 5|
|Appears in Collections:||Miscellaneous|
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