Supporting coastal and marine monitoring by remotely accessing data using spatial fusion and WAP
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Coastal and marine areas are ever increasing in value to the welfare of countries, communities and regions. These areas provide natural, social and economic functions that contribute to increased quality of life. Some natural functions include habitat for endangered species, species breeding and resting areas, water treatment, groundwater recharge, and flood attenuation. Some social and economic functions include tourism, commercial and recreational fishing, oil and gas development, and construction. Accurate and up-to-date spatial information (on many levels) regarding the resources that currently exist, the nature of the environment within which those resources exist, as well as on the users of those resources is always a requirement for effective monitoring of coastal and marine areas. Information on (but not limited to) living and non-living resources, bathymetry, spatial extents (boundaries), shoreline changes, marine contaminants, seabed characteristics, water quality, and property rights all contribute to the sustainable development and good governance of coastal and marine resources. Where informed decisions have to be made using real-time information there is a need for architecture that quickly disseminates information affecting coastal and marine resources. Due to the offshore-nature of most information-collection platforms, a dual approach, involving wired and wireless application technologies can be utilized. This paper will examine the use of Spatial Fusion and WAP to integrate and retrieve marine-based information that can be used to aid in decision-making relevant to the sustainable use of coastal and marine environments.
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