Environmental Aspects of Economic Development in Sub-Saharn Africa
Studies on the economies of Sub-Saharan Africa have generally neglected the links between economic growth and environmental quality. In many such studies, economics and ecology have been treated as mutually exclusive rather than complementary domains. The key to Sub-Saharan Africa's future is to achieve sustainable growth. This calls for replacing the traditional concept of growth based economic output alone with a new approach that stresses development through conservation of Africa's valuable natural resources of soil, water, forests and wildlife. Following the 1968-73 drought in the Sahel interest in both the economic development and the ecology of Sub-Saharan Africa has increased enormously. On the one hand, economists have used the word "crisis" with increasing frequency to describe the region's economic predicament. Indeed, statistics amply show that declining per capita agricultural and food production is widespread (see tables 4 and 5) and that many social groups are unable to meet their basic needs (Barker 1984).
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