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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/4125

Title: Nephrolithiasis and pyelonephritis in two west indian manatees (Trichechus manatus spp.)
Authors: Bello, O.
Gearhart, S.
Moliner, J. L.
Keller, M.
Rommel, S. A.
Vásquez, G.
Cruz, D.
Costidis, A. M.
Calderwood, M. B.
ASFA Terms: Marine mammals
Issue Date: 2008
Publisher: Wildlife Disease Association
Citation: Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 44(3). p. 707-711
Abstract: Two West Indian manatees (Trichechus manatus spp.) were reported with severe emaciation. One animal was a Florida manatee from the Everglades; the other was an Antillean manatee from Cuba. On necropsy, both animals had nephrolithiasis, pyelonephritis, and moderate to severe renomegaly. Histopathology revealed multifocal to diffuse pyelonephritis, interstitial nephritis, and nephrocalcinosis. The stones were analyzed and consisted primarily of calcium carbonate. Serum chemistry values for the Florida animal revealed no renal abnormalities. The mechanism of calculus formation remains unclear in manatees. In horses, another hindgut fermenter, the most common urolith is also calcium carbonate. Urinalyses performed on manatees are very similar to those of horses (i.e., alkaline urine, low specific gravity, and calcium carbonate crystals). Formation of uroliths in manatees may have a pathogenesis similar to equine urolithiasis.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/4125
Related document: http://www.jwildlifedis.org/cgi/reprint/44/3/707?m...
ISSN: 0090-3558
Appears in Collections:1. Artículos científicos

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