Geomorphology of the Kenyan Coast: Not as a Result of Sea-Level Change Alone
The coastal setting and the geology control the geomorphology on the Kenyan coast. The evolution of the physical environment has also been influenced by climate, wave and tidal regime, sedimentation and river discharge. The shore terraces of Kenyan coast correspond to eustatic movements of sea level. There seems to be evidence of a high water level during the late Pleistocene. For the lower terraces a Holocene age is suggested. During the Pleistocene, sea level fluctuations associated with glacial / interglacial phases left well developed raised platforms and beaches. The Kenyan coast has a strong tectonic influence and it is difficult to describe the coast in terms of emergence or submergence only. It can therefore be concluded that the geomorphology of the Kenyan coast is not only as a result of sea level changes but also due to isostatic readjustments and tectonic movements. This paper examines the previous works done on the Kenyan coast in relation to the developments that have led to its geomorphology.
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