Status of Coral Reefs in the Red Sea-Gulf of Aden
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The status of coral reefs bordering the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden is generally good, with live hard coral cover averaging 20-50%. There are predominantly fringing reefs bordering the coasts of Djibouti, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, and Yemen. Atolls and pinnacle reefs occur mainly in the Central and Southern Red Sea. However, technical reports, personal observations and comparative data show recent decreases in live coral cover. Fish populations are also declining and there have been several small outbreaks of the crownof- thorns starfish (COTS), some local bleaching events and an increase in bioeroding organisms such as the urchin Diadema setosum and the coral eating gastropods Drupella and Coralliophila. Threats to coral reefs differ within the region, and are continuously increasing with the increasing rate of coastal development. The major threats are land filling, dredging, sedimentation, sewage discharge and effluents from desalination plants. In major tourism areas, the.....
JournalStatus of Coral Reefs of the World
PublisherAustralian Institute of Marine Science
Spatial CoverageGulf of Aden
CitationClive Wilkinson (Ed.) Status of Coral Reefs of the World. p. 45-52
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