Status Of Coral Reefs In Eastern Africa: Kenya, Tanzania, Mozambique And South Africa
MetadataShow full item record
Eastern African coral reefs were severely impacted by the El Niño Southern Oscillation of 1997-98, with bleaching and mortality levels varying from <1% in South Africa to 80% and greater on reefs in northern Tanzania and Kenya. Recovery of affected reefs to 2002 has been poor to moderate, and patchy. Reefs strongly impacted by the El Niño that had high coral diversity and cover have recovered to less than one quarter of pre-bleaching coral cover. However, some high diversity reefs that escaped the bleaching impacts have remained healthy, with high coral cover and diversity. Degraded reefs outside Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) that were severely damaged by the El Niño have generally recovered to 50-100% of pre-bleaching coral cover. Recruitment of corals to reefs has also been moderate, with highest levels recorded on those protected reefs with high coral cover and diversity. In 2001-02, there has been additional damage to Eastern African reefs from threats that may be related t.....
JournalStatus of Coral Reefs of the World: 2002
PublisherAustralian Institute of Marine Science
Spatial CoverageEastern Africa
CitationWillinson, Clive (ed.) Status of Coral Reefs of the World: 2002
- Miscellaneous