Análisis del comportamiento de la salinidad (intrusión salina) en el sistema Río Guayas Canal de Jambelí como parte del cambio climático
Arreaga Vargas, P.
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El presente trabajo permite conocer el comportamiento de la cuña salina en el sistema Río Guayas - Canal de Jambelí, conociendo que el Río Guayas abastece de agua a Guayaquil, puerto principal del país, y a muchas otras poblaciones.The present work allows to establish the behavior of the salinity of the water, time of renovation and its effect on the quality of water in two established stages: increase in the level of the sea in 0.3 m. and 1.0 m. In the System of the Guayas Channel in Jambelí, considering the exchange of waters that exists between the Guayas River and the sea. The horizontal and vertical gradients of salinity are intimately bound with the flow of the Guayas River, as long as the flow increases the intrusion of the saline wedge will be minor. During the dry station the vertical gradients of salinity are maximums in the sector between The Esclusas - Point Stone. It is in this area where they give up the processes of mixture in a higher form. The gradient mentioned changes, being found in the south during the humid season. The gradients of salinity are important in the area already mentioned, after this, the variations don't present too many changes, this is a reason why it can be ignore. The advance of the saline wedge will be harmful, in the cases, where the water is used directly due to that an excess of salted water that will cause damages in the agriculture production of corn, rice, banana tree, etc. as well as the populations settled in the bordes of the Daule and Babahoyo rivers who use the water directly from the river for their daily work.