Zooplancton en el estuario interior del Golfo de Guayaquil, durante mayo del 2001
Los objetivos del estudio son conocer la situación actual del zooplancton con la finalidad de conocer la composición, distribución y abundancia de las comunidades del zooplancton, resaltando las áreas de mayor productividad en el segundo eslabón de la cadena alimentaria. Establecer especies dominantes en la comunidad de quetognatos y su relación con los parámetros físicos en el estuario interior del Golfo de Guayaquil.The present study reports in detail the distribution and composition of the zooplankton biomass in diferent places of the Gulf of Guayaquil and the main goal it is to know the areas of most productivity in the zooplankton. The most biomass of zooplankton was observed in the area of estuary Salado than in other areas in the study. The biomass was represented by microcrustacea the dominant group was Infra orden Brachiuran and it was observed the most at the station located in front of Quiñonez Island. The low zooplankton biomass was registered at the station located the area of the bridge ways around of Guayaquil city. The zooplankton community was represented by 17 taxa and 10 represented the Crustacea kind and it registered the most diversity at the estuary Salado and low diversity was observed at the bridge of ways around Guayaquil. The phylum Arthropoda showed a broad distribution and observed the abundance of insect larvae at Miraflores bridge it is not usually observed in the examples of zooplankton. The chaetognaths phylum showed that Sagitta bedoti was dominant and it may be considered a indicative changes on saltiness rate, in the area where the blend process between the Guayas River and Salado estuary happens.