Nematodes parásitos como indicadores biológicos de Macruronus magellanicus
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A wide distributional range species can constitute many populations or fishing stocks which can be whole or partly overlapped within their distribution area, reason why they must be clearly identified. Therefore, proper identification of stocks is necessary for fisheries management, as this is the unit to which the fishing effort should be applied. The parasitological method is one of the systems currently used to determine stock. Nematodes parasites of Macruronus magellanicus (longtail hake) collected during surveys enmarked between 45º S-55º S in the Southwest Atlantic were studied. Nematodes that could be used as biological indicators were selected. Mean abundance values of L3 Anisakis simplex and Hysterothylacium aduncum were estimated. Three different areas of abundance were recognized: coastal with high abundance, intermediate with mixed values and continental slope with low abundance.