Distribución estacional y estructura poblacional del bacalao austral (Pisces, Moridae, Salilota australis) en la zona económica exclusiva argentina entre los 45°S y 56°S durante 1992 y 1993
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The Patagonian cod (Salilota australis) inhabits the SW Atlantic from 38°S up to 55°S, as well as the Pacific Ocean from 40°S up to 57°S. The annual catches of this species by both the Argentine fleet and those operating around the Malvinas Islands have significantly increased during the decade 1990-2000, peaking to 16,556 t in 1996. After this, a marked decrease in landings was noticed, and during 2003 the catch was 7,924 t. Seasonal distribution, concentration grounds, and population structure of the Patagonian cod from the Argentine Sea are described, and the mean densities of the species are seasonally related to latitude, temperature and depth, on the basis of data from surveys carried out by the INIDEP research vessels in 1992 and 1993. Highest mean densities showed to move from spring to winter according to both latitudes (southwards) and depth (towards deeper waters). No sea bottom temperature (SBT) data corresponding to fall were available, but it was clear that main concentra.....